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Slovenia is situated in Central and Southeastern Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. It lies between latitudes 45° and 47° N, and longitudes 13° and 17° E. The 15th meridian east almost corresponds to the middle line of the country in the direction west-east. The Geometrical Center of the Republic of Slovenia is located at coordinates 46°07’11.8” N and 14°48’55.2” E. It lies in Slivna in the Municipality of Litija. Slovenia’s highest peak is Triglav (2,864 m); the country’s average height above sea level is 557 m.

Four major European geographic regions meet in Slovenia: the Alps, the Dinarides, the Pannonian Plain, and the Mediterranean. Although on the shore of the Adriatic Sea near the Mediterranean Sea, most of Slovenia is in the Black Sea drainage basin. The Alps— including the Julian Alps, the Kamnik-Savinja Alps and the Karavanke chain, as well as the Pohorje massif—dominate Northern Slovenia along its long border with Austria. Slovenia’s Adriatic coastline stretches approximately 47 km from Italy to Croatia.


FACTS ABOUT SLOVENIA

Population: 2,055,000
Position: Slovenia is in central Europe. Area: 20,273 km²
Capital city: Ljubljana, population: 280,000 Official language: Slovene; also Hungarian and Italian in their respective ethnically mixed areas.
Religion: The majority of the population is Roman Catholic; Slovenia also has 40 other officially registered religious communities.
Climate: Alpine, Pannonian, Mediterranean

SLOVENIAN LANDSCAPES

The exceptionally diverse landscapes of Slovenia have some common features that link a specific area into a whole. To help you decide which part of the country to visit, and to let you know what to see and what to do there, we have divided Slovenian landscapes into four groups: the Alpine world, the north-eastern uplands and lowlands, the Karst and the coast. The capital city is where all four groups meet, and is important enough to have been given its own section.

THE ALPINE WORLD

The Julian Alps and the Kamnik-Savinja Alps are some of the most beautiful parts of Slovenia. Visitors love Lake Bled and Lake Bohinj, and Blejski Vintgar, a gorge formed by the River Radovna. The Julian Alps are also home to the Soča Valley, which was the first destination in Slovenia to be awarded EDEN status. Another such destination is Solčavsko in the Kamnik-Savinja Alps. Other favourite tourist destinations in this area include Kranjska Gora and Bovec, which offer numerous outdoor pursuits, and the towns of Kranj and Škofja Loka.

 
UPLANDS AND LOWLANDS
The green slopes of the Pohorje massif are home to Maribor, Slovenia’s second city, and also to three natural health resorts: Zreče, Dobrna and Topolšica. Eastern Slovenia has other natural health resorts that have grown up around thermal springs. Healing mineral waters are a feature of Radenci and Rogaška Slatina. The major attraction of Slovenia’s third city, Celje, is its Old Castle, once home to the sole Slovenian noble family, the Counts of Celje. The Podravje wine region is packed with wineries and tourist farms, whose excellent food and wine are a welcome treat for hikers and bikers.

 

THE COAST
Slovenia’s coastline is short, but has a number of attractions. Next to Strunjan Cliff, the highest flysch wall on the Adriatic, lie the Sečovlje Salt Pans, a regional park and a bird sanctuary. Several towns on the coast are worth a visit. In addition to Piran and Portorož, Koper and Izola are also attractive destinations. The coast is ideal for water sports, while the hills of the hinterland could have been designed for biking. There are also natural health resorts in Strunjan and Portorož.

 

 THE KARST
The world of the Karst encompasses most of the southern part of Slovenia. The south-west is home to the largest number of karstic caves, including Postojna Cave and Škocjan Caves, which are well worth seeing. Another amazing attraction is Predjama Castle, built into a cliff concealing an intricate cave system. The little town of Lipica is where breeding of the famous Lipizzaner horses began more than 400 years ago. The Lipica Stud Farm is a welcoming recreational centre and a riding school.


THE HEART OF THE COUNTRY

Ljubljana, Slovenia’s picturesque capital city, is sure to enthuse you with its relaxed yet lively atmosphere. In the very heart of the country, it is an ideal base for getting to know the immediate surroundings, and also the other parts of Slovenia.

 FOOD AND WINE
Almost everywhere you go in Slovenia you can find tasty and varied dishes, and Slovenian wines can enthuse even the most demanding wine connoisseur. Slovenia's varied cuisine developed at the meeting place of influences from the cuisines of the Mediterranean, the Pannonian plain, the Alps and the Balkans. You can discover its specialities in 24 different culinary regions. To help you learn about Slovenian cuisine, most places have good inns, while many villages have visitor and tourist farms.